Patrick Verhoeven, Martin Arfalk,
Maria Gregorio, Alessandro Macaluso, Andrei Deacu, Elin Delmar, Mariada Stamouli
Nödinge Urban Oasis
Bringing urban qualities to urban infrastructure
The small town of Nödinge is built alongside the E45 highway in Western Sweden. This highway is both an asset and a threat to the town; it is a vital connection from Nödinge’s centre to Gothenburg and other surrounding regional centres, but at the same time produces high levels of noise, poor air quality and the safety risks. By 2030 Nödinge plans to add 1500-2000 new homes in its centre, close to its regional train station that is located alongside the highway. Although armed with a strong and progressive planning approach, Nödinge required a concrete urban design strategy to overcome the externalities of its highway infrastructure and densify and repair its urban form.
Urban Oases embraces Nödinge’s development dilemma by combining landscape, architectural and planning solutions. The plan offers a proactive way to create urban qualities alongside major urban infrastructure by using ‘Urban Active Systems’ to form a new front to the town. The UAS are composed of three layers: a protective green-blue strip, flexible and programmed atriums on top of parking plinths and combined office and housing that forms a compact and innovative solution to the constraints of building along the E45.
The UAS are organised with the introduction of three main axes that organise the urban structure. The yellow, red and green axes gather Nödinge’s important spaces, functions and landmarks together and join them together into a clear public space network. The axes extend into the new neighbourhood and over the highway, introducing contextual characteristics into the new development, interior atriums and the difficult to access riverfront.
The Urban Active System
By combining standard highway edge treatments with large programmed atriums, a new architectural solution is developed.
1. The buildable area is limited by noise, pollution and risk.
2. Introduction of the UAS reclaims important development space
3. Nödinge’s existing qualities give character to new public space axes
4. A new lively and dense centre grows in the protected environment
Three distinct axes
The red, yellow and green axes tie the riverfront, new development and the existing town together.
The Axes meet the highway
Where the axes meet the highway edge, programmed atriums and blue-green strip create a new protective and urban edge for the town.
The Red Cultural Axis
The train station, Ale Cultural House and Town hall are linked via the central red cultural axis.
The Green Axis
The green axis runs alongside the River Göta and provides space for food production and recreational landscape.
The Yellow Active Axis
The yellow axis joins a city park, sports fields, school and a new sports hall.